Hatching eggs

The hatching egg is normally produced in breeding farms in which males and females coexist, is fertilized and contains an embryo, whose formation has begun from fertilization, before the egg is laid. Flocks of origin are certified by the NPIP so there is no risk with hatching eggs that comes from certified flocks.


It is a living organism that must be treated with extreme care throughout the export / import process. From the moment the fertile egg begins to develop inside the hen's oviduct, it is already greatly influenced by environmental conditions, both internal and external.


Hatching eggs, require extreme care for their transportation, so temperature and ventilation play a very important role in handling for their proper export / import and require an agile and quick release by the different authorities involved in its inspection. Normally these birds are imported into Mexico in order to reproduce them.


There are few companies that dominate the world market, and therefore maintain a high level of biosecurity and are committed to animal welfare. So, if you want to export fertile eggs from the United States of America to Mexico, it is suggested to contact one of these companies to guarantee proper management of these.


a) Agencies, Organizations and Programs


APHIS (Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service) USDA agency

  • It carries out activities to reduce disease risk in layer hen farms.

  • It manages the National Poultry Improvement Program (NPIP), which certifies that breeding flocks and hatcheries are free from certain diseases. (It is very important that producers that send products within the State or internationally participate in this Program).

  • It issues the health certificate for hatching eggs from the US to Mexico.


If you wish to know the export health certificate for hatching eggs, you may click on the following link:


Security measures used by APHIS officers to issue and endorse the animal health certificate of origin for export:


1. Responsibility of APHIS / Veterinary Services.


Veterinary Services / APHIS develops and creates computer generated health certificates and subsequently publishes them online for use by USDA Accredited Veterinarians.


2. Responsibility of USDA Accredited Veterinarians.


The USDA accredited veterinarian is responsible for inspecting the animals, germplasm, birds, or eggs to be exported, obtaining samples for laboratory tests (if required), and certifying that the health conditions required by the country of destination (Mexico) have been met. The accredited veterinarian will obtain the health certificate and complete the required certifications, as well as the test information.


3. Office of the Federal Area Veterinarian (AVIC) in Charge.


The health certificate is received by the AVIC office where the following verification procedures are carried out:


3a. Revision of the health certificate by the export document examiner or the designated person.


a) That the health certificate is complete.

b) That the issuing veterinarian is a USDA accredited veterinarian.

c) That all documents and laboratory tests meet the requirements of both the importing country and the United States Department of Agriculture.

d) That the laboratory used to carry out the tests is an approved laboratory.

e) That the test results are original, carbon copies or faxed from the laboratory to the AVIC office in the state.


Once this review is complete, a unique number is assigned to the health certificate that is placed at the top right of each page. It is mandatory to use the following format when assigning the unique number: the first two characters are letters that correspond to the postal abbreviation of the state where the area office is located, the following two characters are numbers that represent the last two digits of the fiscal year current, and the remaining characters are the assigned numbers of the health certificate, issued in sequential order. For the state of Texas, note that only one letter "T" is used. An example for the state of Ohio: OH-13001.


The health certificate is reviewed for the following:

3b. Federal Vet Endorsing Review


The Veterinary of the federal area office that carries out the export certification reviews the IHC, which is not lacking in its integrity and verifies that the issuing veterinarian is accredited, that the required tests have been done and that all the importing country's requirements have been met.


4. Application of the seal.


After signing, the certificate is sealed with an embossed USDA seal, which is applied both to the certificate number on each page and to the signature of the federal veterinarian. This is done to avoid altering any page of the certificate.


Regarding the certificate, the federal vet's endorsement must be in a different ink color (blue) than the letter of the document and with a USDA embossed seal to avoid undue alteration.


5. Maintain records at the Federal Area Office (AVIC)


There are two copies of each health certificate. The original is provided to the exporter and the copies are kept at the area office. One copy is filed in accordance with records management and the other in accordance with user records management for audit purposes, for three years.

Hatching egg and agencies involved


Programs, laws that apply for fertile egg


b) Rules, laws and regulations to consider

NPIP: National Poultry Improvement Plan

It is a state and federal level program through which new diagnostic technology can be applied more effectively for the improvement of poultry and egg poultry products throughout the entire country.

Through APHIS, the Federal Government supervises the NPIP, however, a state-level Agency manages the certification program for every State. The Agency managing NPIP certification is usually the Department of Agriculture of that State or a division thereof.

The NPIP certifies that the flocks are in safe places and have strict biosecurity and monitoring.

Depending on the State where the farm is located, for the applicant to be referred to the official State agent to provide him with the necessary information to become/be certified as a Plan’s participant, you may click on the following link and find the State your farm is located in:

To get more information regarding the NPIP, you may call the number below, or go to the following address: 1506 Klondike Rd. Suite 101 Conyers, Georgia 30094 Phone: 770-922-3496 Fax: 770-922-3498.

If you wish to know more details and workshops on NPIP, you may click on the following link:



Defend the Flock Program

Through the free education program entitled “Defend the Flock”, APHIS is encouraging and educating poultry owners, including backyard growers and poultry owners, to participate in shows and fairs to keep biosecurity measures at all times. Biosecurity is the key to keep healthy poultry.

The materials are available to download or print to share with friends and family, staff, partners, students, and other current and future "Flock Advocates." In social networks the information and last-minute news are available under the name Defend the Flock.

If you wish to know more about the Defend the Flock program you may click on the link:!ut/p/z1/04_iUlDgAgL9CCADyIQSuGj9qLzEssz0xJLM_LzEHP0I_cgos3hPIyNnQ0MTQx93L0sLg0BnYwPToAB342BDc30v_Sj8CsKd9CPTAotUDUod9QuyoxwBGwTMzA!!/